Notice: Fall 2017 exams affected by natural disasters... More >

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ABIM knows that we have many physicians whose lives have been upended by recent natural disasters. If you live or work near an affected area, we understand that the weather may have impacted your ability to take your Fall 2017 exam as scheduled. We have developed a series of options to help you get through this process as smoothly as possible. If you have any questions, please call us at 1-800-441-ABIM (2246) or email request@abim.org.

American Board of Internal Medicine home page

Initial Certification indicates that physicians have met rigorous standards through intensive study, accredited training and evaluation and that they have the clinical judgment, skills and attitudes essential for the delivery of excellent patient care.

MOC is a professionally determined standard that attests that an internist is staying current in knowledge and practice throughout his/her career.

For more than 75 years, Certification by ABIM has stood for the highest standard in internal medicine and its 20 subspecialties.

Critical Care Medicine Board

J. Christopher Farmer, MD, Chair

Dr. Farmer is a board certified internist and critical care physician. He serves as Professor and Chair, Department of Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic Arizona. He previously served at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota as Critical Care Medicine Fellowship Program Director, Associate Dean, Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education, and Associate Chair for Education, Department of Medicine.

Dr. Farmer is a retired Air Force Colonel and Professor of Medicine and Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine. He also served as a senior physician executive in the hospital, health plans-insurance, supply chain management and homeland security sectors. He is one of the founders of the Department of Defense Critical Care Aeromedical Transport Team program, the largest critical care transport system in the world. While in the Air Force, Dr. Farmer served as Chief of Inpatient Services at Wilford Hall Medical Center, and as Chief Medical Officer for TRICARE Southwest, a multi--state federal HMO. He also served as the Special Assistant to the Air Force Surgeon General for Homeland Defense and Medical Preparedness.

Dr. Farmer is Chair of the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Critical Care Medicine Board and served on the ABIM Critical Care Medicine Self-Assessment Committee. He was the 2014 President of the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and has served as SCCM Council Member and Treasurer, Program Chair, SCCM Congress, Founding Editor-in-Chief, Multidisciplinary Critical Care Knowledge Assessment Program, Supplements Editor, Critical Care Medicine, and, textbook editor, Fundamental Critical Care Support and Fundamental Disaster Management programs. He is the editor and author of numerous books related to critical care, education and disaster medical response.

Dr. Farmer holds a bachelor's degree in biology from Texas A&M University, where he also earned his medical degree. He completed residency at Wilford Hall Medical Center in the United States Air Force and a fellowship in critical care medicine at St. Louis University and St. Johns Mercy Medical Center.

As of January 2017, Dr. Farmer reported the following external relationships:

Funding for study expenses, paid to the Mayo Clinic, from the following company:

  • Becton Dickinson, for a pilot program in Rwanda aimed at improving sepsis care in resource-limited nations.

Works as an author or editor for the following company, with compensation as listed:

  • Oxford University Press, receiving compensation for authorship.

Paula G. Carvalho, MD

Dr. Carvalho is board certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care Medicine, Sleep Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine. She is a Professor in the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at the University of Washington and is the Academic Section Head for the Pulmonary/Critical Care Service, as well as the Medical Director of the Intensive Care Unit, Respiratory Care Department and Bronchoscopy Services at the Boise VA Medical Center.

Currently, Dr. Carvalho serves as a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Critical Care Medicine Board, and previously served on the ABIM Critical Care Medicine Self-Assessment Committee. She has served as Governor of the American College of Chest Physicians for the state of Idaho. She has also served on the Curriculum Development Committee at the University of Washington School of Medicine and on the Pulmonary Advisory Panel for the Food and Drug Administration. She has been elected to the Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society and has been selected to receive several teaching awards by University of Washington medical students and medical residents.

Dr. Carvalho received a medical degree from the University of Washington School of Medicine. She completed a residency in internal medicine, followed by fellowships in pulmonary diseases and critical care medicine at the University of Washington.

As of January 2017, Dr. Carvalho reported no external relationships.

Bruno DiGiovine, MD

Dr. DiGiovine, a board certified internist, pulmonologist and critical care physician, is the Division Head of the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine in the Henry Ford Health System. He is also an Associate Professor and a Full-Time Affiliate in the Department of Medicine at the Wayne State University School of Medicine. His academic career has revolved around quality improvement in critical care and he currently serves as the Chair of the Henry Ford Health System Critical Care Committee.

Dr. DiGiovine serves as a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine Critical Care Medicine Board. He also serves as the co-Chair of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Liberation Task Force and the Chair of the ICU Management Trends Committee for the Society of Critical Care Medicine. In addition, he is a member of the Michigan Hospital Association's Keystone Center for ICU Improvement.

Dr. DiGiovine earned his medical degree at the Northwestern University School of Medicine. He did his residency and fellowship at the University of Michigan, where he also earned his master of public health degree.

As of January 2017, Dr. DiGiovine reported the following external relationships:

Dr. DiGiovine serves in significant roles with the following organizations, receiving reimbursement or compensation as listed:

  • Society of Critical Care Medicine, ICU Liberation Task Force co-Chair & Tele-ICU Committee Member receiving reimbursement for travel expenses.
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine, Tele-ICU Committee, receiving reimbursement for travel expenses.
  • Michigan Health & Hospital Association, MHA Healthcare Engagement Network, receiving compensation for travel expenses and honoraria.

Laura E. Evans, MD

Dr. Evans is an Associate Professor of Medicine at New York University (NYU) School of Medicine, the Medical Director of Critical Care and Associate Chief of Medicine at Bellevue Hospital. She also serves as the Associate Program Director for the NYU Pulmonary and Critical Care Fellowship Program. She is board certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Her interests focus on education, patient safety and quality improvement in the intensive care unit.

She joined the Critical Care Medicine Board of the American Board of Internal Medicine in 2014. She has served as the Chair of the Internal Medicine Section of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and served on the Guidelines Oversight Committee of the American College of Chest Physicians. She received the Darlene Buczak Award for Innovations in Medical Education from the Association of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Program Directors.

Dr. Evans earned her medical degree at the University of Michigan and completed her internal medicine residency at Columbia University. She completed pulmonary and critical care medicine fellowship training and earned a master of science degree in epidemiology at the University of Washington.

As of January 2017, Dr. Evans reported the following external relationships:

Dr. Evans serves in significant roles with the following organizations, receiving reimbursement or compensation as listed:

  • Society of Critical Care Medicine, Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines, co-Chair, receiving reimbursement for travel expenses and honoraria.
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine, lead faculty in a quality improvement collaborative for inpatient sepsis, receiving reimbursement for travel expenses and honoraria.
  • Healthcare Association of New York State, receiving reimbursement for consulting services regarding improving care for patients with sepsis.

Victor Kim, MD

Dr. Kim, who is board certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care Medicine and Sleep Medicine, is an Associate Professor of Medicine in the Department of Thoracic Medicine and Surgery at Temple University School of Medicine.

Previously, he was an Assistant Professor of Medicine at Temple University School of Medicine and an Instructor at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. Dr. Kim has been active in medical student education, and was co-Director of the pulmonary pathophysiology course for Temple University School of Medicine. He also lectures to the Temple University School of Podiatry on pulmonary disease. He also served as Chief Medical Resident at Thomas Jefferson University.

Dr. Kim currently serves as an Associate Editor of both the Annals of the American Thoracic Society and BMC Pulmonary Medicine, and is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of the COPD Foundation. He is currently grant funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study chronic bronchitis, goblet cell hyperplasia and inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. He is a member of American Board of Internal Medicine Critical Care Medicine Board.

Dr. Kim trained as a fellow in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine at Temple University, and as a resident at Thomas Jefferson University. He received his medical degree from the University of Pittsburgh, and his bachelor’s degree from Johns Hopkins University where he graduated with honors and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He received the Sol Sherry Award for Excellence in Research during fellowship, and the Outstanding Teaching Resident Award during residency.

As of January 2017, Dr. Kim reported the following external relationships:

Attendance at investigators’ meetings, with compensation for travel expenses from the following companies:

  • COPDGene, receiving travel reimbursement.
  • SPIROMICS, receiving travel reimbursement.

Service on a research-related expert panel or advisory board for the following companies, with compensation for travel expenses and honoraria:

  • AstraZeneca, for development of new drugs.
  • Gala Therapeutics, for development of a new bronchoscopic treatment for chronic bronchitis.

Consulting on design of new drugs or devices, clinical trials, the use of specific agents or other research-related activities for the following company, with compensation for travel expenses and honoraria:

  • Concert Pharmaceuticals, for consulting on new drug development for chronic bronchitis.

Ruth Kleinpell, PhD

Dr. Kleinpell is the Director of the Center for Clinical Research and Scholarship at Rush University Medical Center, and a Professor at Rush University College of Nursing. She is certified as an Acute Care Nurse Practitioner and maintains active clinical practice. Her research has focused on outcomes after critical illness, the role of nurse practitioners in critical care and the use of telehealth.

She is a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine Critical Care Medicine Board. She is President of the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and serves on its Council Board. She has also served SCCM as Chair of the Strategic Planning Committee, as Program co-Chair and as a member of the Finance Committee and the Strategic Education Committee, among others. She helped to secure the SCCM's first federal research grant and serves as Principal Investigator on the study, which is focused on disseminating patient-centered outcomes research to health care professionals. She also serves as a board member of the Institute of Medicine of Chicago (IMOC), the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education and the American Academy of Nursing (AAN).

She is a fellow in the American College of Critical Care Medicine, the IMOC, the AAN and the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners. She is immediate President of the World Federation of Critical Care Nurses, an international organization with more than 40 country members representing over 500,000 critical care nurses worldwide.

Dr. Kleinpell earned her diploma nursing degree at Lutheran Medical Center School of Nursing in Cleveland, Ohio; her bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees from the University of Illinois at Chicago; and her acute care nurse practitioner certificate from Rush University College of Nursing in Chicago, Illinois.

As of January 2017, Dr. Kleinpell reported the following external relationships:

Works as an author or editor for the following company, with compensation as listed:

  • Springer Publishing, receiving compensation for authorship.

Dr. Kleinpell serves in significant roles with the following organizations, receiving reimbursement or compensation as listed:

  • Institute of Medicine of Chicago, Board Member, without compensation.
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine, Board Member and President, without compensation.

Grant funding from other non-profit healthcare-related company:

  • PCORI, Eugene P Washington Engagement Award, receiving funding for project expenses, paid to the Society for Critical Care Medicine.

Michael F. McDuffie, PhD

Dr. McDuffie is Associate Professor and Chair of the Philosophy Department at California State University, San Marcos (CSUSM). He specializes in bioethics and clinical ethics, and he also serves as an adjunct faculty member in the CSUSM School of Nursing.

Dr. McDuffie has taught at CSUSM since 1996. Previously he held positions at Muskingum College, New Concord, Ohio; the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, New London, Connecticut; Connecticut College, New London, Connecticut; and Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

Dr. McDuffie serves as a Community Member of the Hospital Ethics Committee, the Clinical Ethics Consulting Team, and the Investigational Review Committee (IRB) at Palomar Health, Escondido, California. He is a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine Critical Care Medicine Board. He is also a Community Member of the Ethics Committee at Rady Children's Hospital San Diego, and the San Diego County Medical Society Bioethics Commission.

McDuffie received a bachelor's degree in philosophy and literature at New College of Florida and a doctoral degree in philosophy at Yale University. His earlier publications fell mostly in the area of phenomenological philosophy, on topics of aesthetics, the philosophy of literature and the social construction of meaning. In recent years, he has focused on bioethics, and his current research addresses assorted topics in the philosophy of medicine and clinical ethics (mind/body interaction, neuroethics, the goals of medicine, problems of non-beneficial treatment, decision-making for unrepresented patients, etc.).

As of January 2017, Dr. McDuffie reported no external relationships.

Sue A. Ravenscraft, MD

Dr. Ravenscraft is board certified in Internal Medicine, Critical Care Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, and Sleep Medicine. She is a Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of Minnesota Medical School and the Medical Director of Intensive Care at Methodist Hospital in St. Louis Park, Minnesota. She also serves on the Executive Medical Council at Park Nicollet Clinic.

Currently, Dr. Ravenscraft serves on the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Critical Care Medicine Board. She previously served the ABIM on the Critical Care Board from 2001 to 2011, serving from 2007 to 2011 as Chair. She was also on the ABIM Board of Directors from 2007 to 2011.

Dr. Ravenscraft previously served on the Board of Directors for the Park Nicollet Clinic Institute for Research and Education and is a former President of the Minneapolis Society of Internal Medicine. She attends on the critical care and pulmonary services working primarily with critical care and pulmonary critical care fellows. She also teaches respiratory pathophysiology at the University of Minnesota Medical School.

Dr. Ravenscraft graduated summa cum laude from the University of St. Thomas with a degree in biology and earned her medical degree at the University of Minnesota. She completed her residency and chief residency at Hennepin County Medical Center and fellowship in pulmonary and critical care at the University of Minnesota.

As of January 2017, Dr. Ravenscraft reported the following external relationships:

Dr. Ravenscraft serves in a significant role with the following organizations, receiving reimbursement or compensation as listed:

  • Park Nicollet Clinic and Methodist Hospital, Executive Medical Council, receiving honoraria.
  • Park Nicollet Clinic and Methodist Hospital, Critical Care Committee, Chair, receiving honoraria.
  • Dr. Ravenscraft also reports serving as a pulmonary consultant for EBM Connect, a company that develops quality measures.