The Sleep Medicine Certification Program is jointly developed by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), the American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM), the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP), the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN), the American Board of Otolaryngology (ABOto) and the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA). The examination is administered to candidates from all Boards at the same time in the same testing centers. ABIM is responsible for administering the examination.
Eligibility for Certification and Board Policies
The information provided on ABIM's website and in ABIM's print publication, Policies and Procedures for Certification, September 2023 (pdf), governs ABIM's decision about eligibility for certification. The September 2023 edition supersedes all previous publications. ABIM reserves the right to make changes in fees, examinations, policies and procedures at any time without advance notice. Admission to ABIM's certification process is determined by policies in force at the time of application. ABIM is a member of the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS).
To become certified in the subspecialty of sleep medicine, physicians must:
- At the time of application, be previously certified by ABIM in internal medicine or a subspecialty;
- Satisfactorily complete the requisite formal training requirements;
- Demonstrate clinical competence, procedural skills, and moral and ethical behavior in the clinical setting;
- Hold a valid, unrestricted and unchallenged license to practice medicine; and
- Pass the Sleep Medicine Certification Examination.
No credit will be granted toward certification in a subspecialty for training completed outside of an accredited U.S. or Canadian program.
Fellowship training taken before completing the requirements for the MD or DO degree, training as a chief medical resident, practice experience, and attendance at postgraduate courses may not be credited toward the requirements for subspecialty certification.
To be admitted to an examination, candidates must have completed the required training in the subspecialty, including vacation time, by October 31st of the year of examination.
Candidates for certification in the subspecialties must meet ABIM's requirements for duration of training as well as minimum duration of full-time clinical training. Clinical training requirements may be met by aggregating full-time clinical training that occurs throughout the entire fellowship training period; clinical training need not be completed in successive months. Time spent in continuity outpatient clinic, during non-clinical training, is in addition to the requirement for full-time clinical training. Educational rotations completed during training may not be double-counted to satisfy both internal medicine and subspecialty training requirements. Likewise, training which qualifies a diplomate for admission to one subspecialty exam cannot be double-counted toward certification in another subspecialty, with the exception of formally approved pathways for dual certification.
Practice Pathways for admission to the Sleep Medicine Certification Examination were available for the 2007, 2009 and 2011 administrations of the examination. After the 2011 administration of the Sleep Medicine Certification examination, Practice Pathways were discontinued. All first-time applicants for admission to the examination after 2011 must fulfill the requirements of the Training Pathway below.
Training and Procedure Requirements
The Training Pathway for ABIM candidates requires 12 months of satisfactorily completed clinical sleep medicine fellowship training* which meets the following criteria:
- Sleep medicine fellowship training undertaken July 1, 2009, and after must be accredited by ACGME. Sleep medicine fellowship training taken prior to July 1, 2009, must be conducted within an accredited residency or fellowship program.
- Training experience must be consistent with guidelines established by ACGME.
- ABIM will require substantiation by the training program director that the fellow’s clinical competence as a sleep medicine consultant is satisfactory. Fellows must obtain satisfactory ratings of their ability to interpret results of the following diagnostic tests: polysomnography, multiple sleep latency testing, maintenance of wakefulness testing, actigraphy, and portable monitoring related to sleep disorders.
* Sleep medicine fellowship training which was credited toward the training requirements for admission to another ABIM examination, e.g., the Pulmonary Disease Examination, cannot be used to fulfill the training requirements for admission to the Sleep Medicine Examination through the training pathway.
Required Months of Training and Procedures
The total months of training required, including specific clinical months, and requisite procedures are outlined below.
* For deficits of 35 days or less in required training time, ABIM will defer to the judgment of the program director and promotions or competency committee in determining the need for additional training. With program director attestation to ABIM that the trainee has achieved required competence, additional training time will not be required. Trainees cannot make a request to ABIM on their own behalf.
|12*||12||The ability to interpret results of polysomnography, multiple sleep latency testing, maintenance of wakefulness testing, actigraphy, and portable monitoring related to sleep disorders.|
Clinical Competence Requirements
ABIM requires documentation that candidates for certification are competent in: (1) patient care and procedural skills, (2) medical knowledge, (3) practice-based learning and improvement, (4) interpersonal and communication skills, (5) professionalism and (6) systems-based practice.
Through its tracking process, FasTrack®, ABIM requires verification of fellows' clinical competence from an ABIM certified program director (other ABMS Board and Canadian certification is acceptable, if applicable).
As outlined in the Program Director Ratings of Clinical Competence table below, all fellows must receive satisfactory ratings of overall clinical competence. In addition, fellows must receive satisfactory ratings in each of the six ACGME/ABMS Competencies and the requisite procedures during the final year of required training. It is the fellow's responsibility to arrange for any additional training needed to achieve a satisfactory rating in each of the six ACGME/ABMS Competencies and overall clinical competence.
Program Director Ratings of Clinical Competence
Six ACGME/ABMS Competencies:
The resident/fellow is demonstrating satisfactory development of the knowledge, skill and attitudes/behaviors needed to advance in training. S/he is demonstrating a learning trajectory that anticipates the achievement of competency for unsupervised practice that includes the delivery of safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient and equitable care.
|Components and Ratings||Residents/Fellows:
Not Final Year of Training
Final Year of Training
* The six required competencies are: (1) patient care and procedural skills, (2) medical knowledge, (3) practice-based learning and improvement, (4) interpersonal and communication skills, (5) professionalism and (6) systems-based practice.
† At the discretion of the program director, training in the final year may be extended as necessary to achieve satisfactory ratings in overall clinical competence and/or the six ACGME/ABMS competencies.
|Yes||Full credit||Full credit|
|Conditional on Improvement||Full credit||No credit; must achieve satisfactory rating before receiving credit †|
|No||Full credit||No credit; must repeat year|
Overall Clinical Competence
This rating represents the assessment of the resident/fellow's development of overall clinical competence during this year of training:
|Components and Ratings||Residents/Fellows:
Not Final Year of Training
Final Year of Training
|* At the discretion of the program director, training in the final year may be extended as necessary to achieve satisfactory ratings in overall clinical competence and/or the six general competencies.|
|Satisfactory or Superior||Full credit||Full credit|
|Conditional on Improvement||Full credit||No credit; must achieve satisfactory rating before receiving credit*|
|Unsatisfactory||No credit; must repeat year||No credit; must repeat year|
Candidates for Special Consideration
ABIM diplomates in internal medicine may be proposed for special consideration for admission to a subspecialty examination by the program director of an accredited fellowship program.
Guidelines for proposals are available in Proposing Candidates for Special Consideration.
Certification Using the Research Pathway
The ABIM Research Pathway is designed to integrate training in research and clinical internal medicine for those physicians who are seriously pursuing careers in basic science or clinical research. The value of the ABIM Research Pathway is that while it requires core clinical training, it concentrates on fostering a research experience that is comprehensive in terms of time, formal curriculum, and structured evaluation and feedback. These components are essential for professional growth and development and to promote continuous quality improvement.
Guidelines for certification using the research pathway are available in Research Pathway.
Information for Candidates Certified by Other Boards
The policy information above applies only to ABIM diplomates who are seeking admission to the Sleep Medicine Certification Examination via ABIM. Candidates from co-sponsoring boards should contact their primary certification boards with any questions regarding certification policies or eligibility to apply for admission to the examination.