Longitudinal Knowledge Assessment
Marcy Bolster, MD, Chair
Dr. Bolster is an Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Director, Rheumatology Fellowship Training Program, at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). With a strong interest in training and education Dr. Bolster has devoted her career to the training of rheumatology fellows, internal medicine residents and medical students. She values the importance of mentorship in her own professional development as well as through her commitment to sharing her dedication to patient care and education in the rheumatic diseases with learners at all stages of training. She has helped to train over 50 rheumatology fellows.
She has been the recipient of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Distinguished Program Director Award (2019) and the Mass General Brigham Program Director of the Year (2020). Among other medical education endeavors at MGH, Dr. Bolster is a member, of the Women in Medicine Trainees Council, an initiative to support professional development for women trainees and young faculty members through mentorship. She is a member of several MGH education committees and has teaching roles at Harvard Medical School.
Dr. Bolster has held leadership roles in ACR curriculum design and assessment, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Milestones, and the American Board of Internal Medicine (Rheumatology Specialty Board [2014-2020]; Council [2014-2020]; Chair, Rheumatology Exam Committee [2014-2018]; and Chair, Exam Chairs Committee [2015-2018]). She has served as Chair, ACR Committee on Training and Workforce (2012-2015) and had a leadership role in the graduate medical education component of the ACR Adult Rheumatology Workforce Study (2015). Dr. Bolster is ABIM Board certified in Rheumatology (1994, 2004, 2014).
She obtained her bachelor’s degree in chemistry and her medical degree from Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. She trained in internal medicine at the Eastern Virginia Graduate School of Medicine in Norfolk and obtained rheumatology training at Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston.
As of September 2022, Dr. Bolster reported the following external relationships:
Funding for clinical trial expenses and staff, paid to Harvard University, from the following companiy:
- Scleroderma trials
Partial salary support for rheumatology fellows funded by educational grants from industry, paid to Harvard University, from the following companies:
Work as an author or editor for the following companies, with compensation as listed:
- The Association of Rheumatology Professionals, receiving compensation as associate editor
- The Merck Manuals, receiving compensation for authorship
- PracticeUpdate, receiving compensation as associate editor
Dr. Bolster serves in significant roles with the following organizations, receiving reimbursement or compensation as listed:
- The American College of Rheumatology, Board of Directors, Committee on Marketing and Communications, receiving reimbursement for travel expenses
Grant funding for salary support, paid to Harvard University, from the following nonprofit health care-related organizations:
- The Rheumatology Research Foundation, Clinician Scholar Educator Grant
Dr. Lohr is a Professor of Medicine, Chief and Medical Director of the Rheumatology Division and Rheumatology Training Program Director at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine (UKCOM). Her academic career has centered on undergraduate and graduate medical education, including at the Medical College of Wisconsin and the University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center (UTHSC) College of Medicine. At UTHSC, she served as Course Director for two medical school courses and co-Director of the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Clerkship.
Dr. Lohr is a past recipient of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Rheumatology Research Foundation Clinical Scholar Educator Award. As an active member of ACR, she has served on various committees since 1992, mainly in the area of fellowship training. Currently, she is a member of the ACR Division Directors Special Committee. Dr. Lohr has served on both the ABIM Rheumatology Exam Writing Committee and ABIM Rheumatology Board. She joined the Rheumatology LKA Approval Committee in 2023.
Dr. Lohr received her medical degree from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, and completed her residency in internal medicine at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, followed by a three-year research fellowship in rheumatology at Duke University Medical Center.
As of October 2022, Dr. Lohr reported the following external relationship:
Preclinical research, with funding for salary support provided to the University of Kentucky, from the following companies:
- Pfizer, for phenotyping psychosocially high-risk rheumatoid arthritis patients
Dr. Lohr serves in significant roles with the following organization(s), receiving reimbursement or compensation as listed:
- American College of Rheumatology, Division Directors Special Committee Member, receiving reimbursement for travel expenses
Dr. Lohr received an award for Nurse Practitioner/Physician Assistant Workforce Expansion from the Rheumatology Research Foundation. She also received a Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute grant.
Kevin McKown, MD
Dr. McKown is an Emeritus Professor of Medicine at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. He previously served as Head of the Division of Rheumatology (2007-2020) and Program Director of the Rheumatology Fellowship (2000-2019) in the Department of Medicine. Dr. McKown is ABIM Board Certified in Rheumatology (1992, 2002, 2012).
Prior to his position at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Dr. McKown was an Associate Professor of Medicine in the Division of Rheumatology at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC), where he was on faculty from 1992-2000. At the University of Tennessee, he served as Associate Chairman for Graduate Programs in the Department of Medicine, Program Director of the Internal Medicine Residency Program, and Co-Director of the Medicine-Neurology and Medicine-Pediatrics Residency Programs.
Dr. McKown was a Councilor and President of the Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine Association of Specialty Professors. He served on the ABIM Rheumatology Examination Committee 2014-2020. His honors include the Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society, Best Doctors in America (2011-2020) and several teaching awards from both the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health and the UTHSC.
Dr. McKown obtained a Bachelor of Science in Physiology from Michigan State University and Doctor of Medicine from Wayne State University. He received one year of training in Internal Medicine at Wayne State University, before serving as a Primary Care Medical Officer in the U.S. Navy. Dr. McKown completed his Internal Medicine training and his Rheumatology Fellowship at the UTHSC.
As of January 2023, Dr. McKown reported no ongoing external relationship.
Pascale Schwab, MD
Dr. Schwab is an associate professor at Oregon Health & Science University in the Division of Arthritis & Rheumatic Diseases. She has been the Director of the Rheumatology Fellowship Program since 2012. She is a staff rheumatologist at the VA Portland Health Care System. Previously, Dr. Schwab served as the Rheumatology Section Chief at the Portland VA for 7 years. She was a member of the American College of Rheumatology Workforce and Training Subcommittee on In-Training Exam.
Dr. Schwab completed medical school and her internal medicine residency training at the University of Texas Medical School in Houston where she also served as Chief Resident. She completed her fellowship training in Rheumatology at Brigham & Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts.
As of August 2022, Dr. Schwab reported no ongoing external relationships.
Mary C. Wasko, MD
Dr. Wasko is Division Director of Rheumatology for Allegheny Health Network. She is a professor for Temple University, Pittsburgh Campus. She maintains board certification in both Internal Medicine and Rheumatology. Previously, Dr. Wasko served as a rheumatologist and Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh, Main Campus.
Dr. Wasko served on the American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting Planning Committee from 2011 to 2014. She has been a frequent lecturer for the Maintenance of Certification Course. Dr. Wasco is a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine Rheumatology Board Exam Committee. She was voted for Best Doctors in Pittsburgh list, 2012 to 2014, as well as voted Best Doctors in America, 2003 to 2014. She has fifteen years of external funding for investigator-initiated clinical research, serving as primary investigator and co-investigator on rheumatoid arthritis-related studies. Her work has resulted in more than 30 publications in peer-reviewed journals, including the New England Journal of Medicine, Arthritis and Rheumatology and the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Dr. Wasko received a bachelor’s degree from Davidson College in North Carolina in 1979. She then received her medical degree from the University of North Carolina, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill in 1983. She further completed a master’s degree in clinical research design and biostatistics from the University of Michigan School of Public Health in 1992.
As of March 2023, Dr. Wasko reported the following external relationships:
Dr. Wasko provides lectures for a family medicine continuing medical education course, receiving reimbursement for travel expenses and honoraria.
Traditional, 10-Year MOC Exam
Kenneth S. O'Rourke, MD, Chair
Dr. O'Rourke, who is board certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, is in private practice in Portland, Maine, and Division Director of Rheumatology at Maine Medical Center. Until 2017 he was Professor of Medicine at Wake Forest School of Medicine (WFSM) and the Director of the Rheumatology Fellowship Training Program from 1995 to 2017.
Prior to his appointment at WFSM in 1992, Dr. O'Rourke was a lecturer in the Rheumatology Division at the University of Michigan (1991 to 1992). Prior to that position, he practiced general internal medicine in the United States Air Force (USAF) (1986 to 1989) and was the Program Director of the Transitional Year Residency at David Grant USAF Medical Center at Travis Air Force Base, California, while concurrently serving on the volunteer clinical faculty as Assistant Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine at the University of California, Davis (1987 to 1989).
Dr. O'Rourke is a Fellow of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and Fellow of the American College of Physicians. He has served on multiple ACR education committees including the Committee on Training and Workforce and its Subcommittee on Education that created the Rheumatology Entrustable Physician Activities and Rheumatology Curricular Milestones, and updated the ACR Core Curriculum for Rheumatology Fellowship Programs. He was a member of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Milestones 2.0 Working Group that created the Rheumatology Milestones and Supplemental Guide. He also served as Chair of the ABIM Rheumatology Board Exam Committee. He is a founding member of the Carolinas Fellows Collaborative, whose work has included the creation of a competency-based curriculum of goals, objectives and linked evaluations for rheumatology fellowship training programs.
Dr. O'Rourke obtained a bachelor's degree in bioengineering from the University of California, Berkeley. He trained in internal medicine at the David Grant USAF Medical Center and completed rheumatology training at the University of Michigan Medical Center.
As of July 2022, Dr. O’Rourke reported the following external relationship:
Dr. O’Rourke reported that he speaks for the American College of Rheumatology, receiving consulting fees.
Eliza F. Chakravarty, MD
Dr. Chakravarty is an Associate Member of the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, where she has an active clinical practice and a clinical research program focusing on pregnancy in women with autoimmune diseases. She is board certified in Rheumatology.
Previously, Dr. Chakravarty was an Assistant Professor of Medicine in the Division of Immunology at Stanford University School of Medicine in Palo Alto, California. During her time at Stanford, she served as Program Director for the Adult Rheumatology Fellowship program. Additionally, she served as an active member of the American College of Rheumatology Training and Workforce Committee. Currently, she serves as a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine Rheumatology Board Exam Committee.
Dr. Chakravarty received a bachelor's degree in chemistry and philosophy from New York University, a medical degree from the Johns Hopkins University and a master's degree in epidemiology from Stanford University. After completing internship, residency and Chief Residency in internal medicine at the Santa Clara Valley Medical Center in San Jose, California, she pursued fellowship training followed by an additional year of research training at Stanford University before joining the faculty in 2004.
As of September 2022, Dr. Chakravarty reported no ongoing external relationships.
Jennifer M. Grossman, MD
Dr. Grossman is a Clinical Professor of Medicine in the Division of Rheumatology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She is also the Director of Lupus Clinical Research at UCLA and serves as the educational coordinator for rheumatology in the internal medicine residency training program. She is board certified in rheumatology.
Dr. Grossman is a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine Rheumatology Traditional, 10-Year MOC Exam Approval Committee. She is also a member of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and has served on the ACR Guidelines subcommittee. Dr. Grossman has been involved in quality-of-care measurements in osteoporosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. She is a member of the Lupus Foundation of America's scientific advisory board and is also a board member of Lupus LA.
Dr. Grossman received her bachelor's degree in chemistry from Williams College and her medical degree from the University of Rochester. She completed her internal medicine residency and rheumatology fellowship at the UCLA Center for the Health Sciences. She joined the faculty there in 1998.
As of June 2023, Dr. Grossman reported the following external relationships:
Funding for clinical trial expenses, salary support and staff, paid to University of California at Los Angeles, from the following company:
- AstraZeneca, for a Phase III study of anifrolumab for lupus, and for a long-term extension study of anifrolumab for moderate to severe lupus
Dr. Grossman serves in significant roles with the following organization, receiving reimbursement or compensation as listed:
- The Lupus Foundation of America, Medical Scientific Advisory Board, Member, without compensation
Funding for salary support, staff and expenses, paid to University of California at Los Angeles, from the following nonprofit healthcare-related organizations:
- The Rheumatology Research Foundation, for a fellowship training grant
Hilary M. Haftel, MD
Dr. Haftel is Professor of Pediatrics, Internal Medicine and Health Learning Sciences at the University of Michigan Medical School, where she has spent her entire academic career. She is Director of the Division of Pediatric Rheumatology and leads the Adolescent and Young Adult Rheumatology Program. She has been the Associate Chair and Director of Education in the Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases at the University of Michigan since 2007, after serving as Assistant and then Associate Director of Pediatric Education for 11 years. Dr. Haftel served as Director of Communication Skills and Professionalism at the University of Michigan Medical School from 2003 to 2007. She is board certified in Rheumatology and Pediatric Rheumatology.
Dr. Haftel is recognized nationally for her work in undergraduate and graduate medical education. She serves as a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine Rheumatology Board Exam Committee. She is a member of the Association for Pediatric Program Directors (APPD) Longitudinal Education Assessment Research Network (LEARN) Advisory Council and serves as its Chair. Dr. Haftel is Council Member of the APPD's Leadership in Educational Academic Development (LEAD) program. She has been named as a “Best Doctor in America” as well as being among “America's Best Pediatricians.”
Dr. Haftel received a bachelor's degree in biology and music from Union College in Schenectady, New York and a medical degree from Albany Medical College in Albany, New York, where she also completed residency training in combined medicine-pediatrics and a chief residency before coming to the University of Michigan for fellowship training in adult and pediatric rheumatology in 1991. Dr. Haftel received a master's of health professions education degree from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 2004.
As of August 2022, Dr. Haftel reported the following external relationship:
Dr. Haftel serves in significant roles with the following organization, receiving reimbursement or compensation as listed:
- The American Academy of Pediatrics, Senior Vice President for Education, receiving salary support.
Avis E. Ware, MD
Dr. Ware is ABIM Board Certified in Rheumatology; she is Professor of Medicine and Clinical Director of Rheumatology at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Dr. Ware obtained a bachelor's degree in music from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, and her medical degree, from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. She completed her internal medicine residency training, from Christ Hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio. Dr. Ware had her fellowship training in Rheumatology at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and was the Program Director of the rheumatology training program at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.
As of July 2022, Dr. Ware reported no ongoing external relationships.